Food and Drug Administration. “Tramadol Prescribing Information.” May 2010. Accessed July 26, 2019.
Drug Enforcement Administration “Tramadol.” October 2018. Accessed July 26, 2019.
Silberstein, S.; Freitag, F.G.; Rozen, T.D.; Kudrow, D.B.; Hewitt, D.J.; Jordan, D.M.; Fisher, A.C.; Rosenthal, N.R. “Tramadol/acetaminophen for the treatment of acute migraine pain: findings of a randomized, placebo-controlled trial.” Headache, December 2005. Accessed July 26, 2019.
Caspani, O.; Reitz, M.C.; Ceci, A.; Kremer, A.; Treede, R.D.“Tramadol reduces anxiety-related and depression-associated behaviors presumably induced by pain in the chronic constriction injury model of neuropathic pain in rats.” Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, September 2014. Accessed July 26, 2019.
Dion, G.R.; Teng, S.E.; Achlatis, E.; Fang, Y.; Amin, M.R. “Treatment of Neurogenic Cough with Tramadol: A Pilot Study.”Otolaryngology Head Neck Surgery, July 2017. Accessed July 26, 2019.
Zou, Y.; Ling, Y.; Kong, G.; Tang, Y.; Huang, Q.; Zhang, L.; Wei, L.“Effect of Tramadol Pretreatment on Sufentanil-Induced Cough.” Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, June 28, 2019. Accessed July 26, 2019.
Martyn-St James, M.; Cooper, K.; Kaltenthaler, E.; Dickinson, K.; Cantrell, A.; Wylie, K.; Frodsham, L.; Hood, C. “Tramadol for premature ejaculation: a systematic review and meta-analysis.” BMC Urology, January 30, 2015. Accessed July 26, 2019.
Lauerma, H.; Markkula, J.“Treatment of restless legs syndrome with tramadol: an open study.” The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, April 1999. Accessed July 26, 2019.
Food and Drug Administration. “Ultram.” Accessed July 26, 2019.
Dhesi, Manraj; Maani, Christopher V. “Tramadol.” StatPearls Publishing, January 6, 2019. Accessed July 26, 2019.